Digital Cities

Questo laboratorio intende esplorare i temi dell’innovazione urbana, delle smart cities, nelle diverse declinazioni, lo sviluppo ed i limiti delle tecnologie ed assumere le cautele relative.


Materiali e documenti


Algoritmi urbani. Intervista a Raffaele Laudani (Pandora Rivista) – LinkPermalink

Fondazione innovazione Urbana (Bologna) – Link 





CityGML – Open Geospatial Consortium

The CityGML standard defines a conceptual model and exchange format for the representation, storage and exchange of virtual 3D city models. It facilitates the integration of urban geodata for a variety of applications for Smart Cities and Urban Digital Twins, including urban and landscape planning; Building Information Modeling (BIM); mobile telecommunication; disaster management; 3D cadastre; tourism; vehicle & pedestrian navigation; autonomous driving and driving assistance; facility management, and; energy, traffic and environmental simulations.

A GML encoding for CityGML 3.0 is available for practical use. The respective XML schema files can be downloaded from here:
A CityGML 3.0 GML Encoding specification document is under development and will be issued as a separate encoding standard in due course.

Fonte main: 



CityJSON – Open Geospatial Consortium

CityJSON Community Standard 1.0


Software, app, service on line

Costruzione modelli

Unity – Real time tools

Costruzione modelli urbani

CADMapper – Instant CAD files for any location on earth.

3D City Planner – (by Strategis)

Piattaforme di VR

Spatial -Spatial is dedicated to helping creators and brands build their own spaces in the metaverse to share culture together. We empower our users to leverage their beautiful spaces to share eye popping content, build a tight knit community, and drive meaningful sales of their creative works and products. We also empower our users to create beautiful and functional 3D spaces that they can mint as NFTs and sell/rent to others looking to host mind blowing experiences.

Spatial Creator -Here, you’ll find all the information you need to build beautiful, immersive, and interactive experiences on Spatial.


Tools per visualizzare

MeshLab – the open source system for processing and editing 3D triangular meshes.
It provides a set of tools for editing, cleaning, healing, inspecting, rendering, texturing and converting meshes. It offers features for processing raw data produced by 3D digitization tools/devices and for preparing models for 3D printing.



SUM: A Benchmark Dataset of Semantic Urban Meshes (link)

Snap4City – is a full-featured platform to manage, aggregate, visualize and analyze big data, IoT.